The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
ĽOvert Obstruction of Congress

back to the Andrew Johnson Home Page

Domestic Intelligence
Harper's Weekly, December 14, 1867, page 787

go to the previous article in this section
go to the next article in this section


The message of President Johnson to the second session of the Fortieth Congress was laid before the Senate and House of Representatives on December 3.

He announces that his well-known convictions on the reconstruction measures of Congress are not only unchanged but strengthened by late events and further reflections. He reiterates his old arguments that the Southern States never having been out of the Union are entitled to all the rights and privileges conferred by the Constitution of the Union, and that the establishment of the present military governments at the South are usurpations on the part of Congress not justified by the Constitution. He recommends the repeal of the acts which established these governments as unconstitutional. He charges that "it is manifestly and avowedly the object of these laws to confer upon the negroes the privilege of voting, and to disfranchise such number of white citizens as will give the former a clear majority at all elections in the Southern States." And declares that "the subjugation of States to negro domination would be worse than the military despotism under which they are now suffering.

He calls this effort to clothe the negroes with a power which may be their protection in the future an effort to establish "negro governments," and asserts that after being established in control of the South, the negroes can not maintain their supremacy, and that without military power they are wholly incapable of holding in subjection the white people of the South. He therefore argues that these "negro governments" will have to be maintained at a cost of $200,000,000 to the General Government.

In alluding to matters of lesser moment, he recommended the repeal of the "Tenure of Office Bill" in order that the Executive may correct, by the removal of certain officers, the system of collecting and disbursing the national revenue, and prevent the now frequent frauds on the Treasury.

Articles Related to Overt Obstruction of Congress:
February 2, 1867, page 67
February 16, 1867, page 99
March 16, 1867, page 163

How Long?
June 29, 1867, page 402

Reconstruction and Obstruction
July 6, 1867, page 418

The Summer Session
July 6, 1867, page 418

The Fortieth Congress
July 17, 1867, page 467

Thanks to the District Commanders
July 27, 1867, page 467

Impeachment Postponed
July 27, 1867, page 467

A Desperate Man
August 13, 1867, page 546

The Secretary of War
August 24, 1867, page 530

Samson Agonistes at Washington (cartoon)
August 24, 1867, page 544

The Stanton Imbroglio (illustrated satire)
August 24, 1867, page 542

Secretary Grant
August 31, 1867, page 546

Southern Reconstruction
August 31, 1867, page 547

The Political Situation
September 7, 1867, page 562

General Thomas
September 7, 1867, page 563

Southern Reconstruction
September 7, 1867, page 563

The General and the President
September 14, 1867, page 578

General Sickles Also
September 14, 1867, page 579

Southern Reconstruction
September 21, 1867, page 595

The President’s Intentions
September 28, 1867, page 610

October 5, 1867, page 626

The Main Question
October 5, 1867, pages 626-627

Suspension during Impeachment
October 19, 1867, page 658

"Disregarding" The Law
November 2, 1867, page 691

December 14, 1867, page 786

General Grant’s Testimony
December 14, 1867, page 786

The President’s Message
December 14, 1867, page 787

General Grant’s Letter
January 1, 1868, page 2

Secretary Stanton’s Restoration
January 25, 1868, page 51

Reconstruction Measures
January 25, 1868, page 51

The President, Mr. Stanton and General Grant
February 1, 1868, page 66

Romeo (Seward) to Mercutio (Johnson) (cartoon)
February 1, 1868, page 76

The War Office
February 1, 1868, page 77

Secretary’s Room in the War Department (illus)
February 1, 1868, page 77

The New Reconstruction Bill
February 8, 1868, page 83


Website design © 1998-2005 HarpWeek, LLC
All Content © 1998-2005 HarpWeek, LLC
Please submit questions to