The Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
»Military Reconstruction

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News Article
Harper's Weekly, April 6, 1867, page 218

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The President on March 13 detailed, and General Grant, in general orders, announced the appointment of the following general officers as those to whom is delegated the high and responsible duty of enforcing the new military bill for the government of the insurrectionary States:

Virginia – General John M. Schofield

North and South Carolina – General Daniel E. Sickles

Georgia, Florida, and Alabama – General John Pope

Mississippi and Arkansas – General E. O. C. Ord

Louisiana and Texas – General Philip H. Sheridan

Kentucky and Tennessee – General George H. Thomas

A bill under which these appointments have been made was passed on February 29, and is the most important measure adopted by the Thirty-ninth Congress. Its passage marked the abandonment of the reconstruction schemes begun by the President during the recess of 1865, and in part adopted by Congress under protest. Its passage decided that those measures had signally failed, after being deliberately and thoroughly tested; and the new bill provides another and wiser, and, it is to be hoped, a more successful plan. By it the South is again placed in the condition in which it lay on the surrender of Lee, and work of reconstruction is begun anew.

The bill decides the duties of the new commanders to be: 1st, the protection of all persons in their rights of person and property; 2d, the suppression of insurrection, disorder, and violence; and 3d, the trial and punishment of all disturbers of the public peace, the officers being authorized to employ civil tribunals or military courts or committees for this purpose at their option. State and civil authority, when conflicting with that of the military power, is declared null and void; and martial law is virtually proclaimed, accompanied by such restrictions as leaves it to the people of the South to decide by their behavior how severe and odious, or benign and prosperous, the military reign shall be.

We give in this issue an elegant picture showing the new commanders, grouped and on horseback, with General Grant, who, as Commander-in-Chief of the Army, is virtually the ruler of the Southern States of the Union, in the centre. The likenesses are accurate, and the picture is well worthy of careful preservation.

April 6, 1867 pages 216-217

Articles Related to Military Reconstruction:
News Items
January 19, 1867, page 35

January 26, 1867, page 50

Congress and Impeachment
February 16, 1867, page 98

The Probability of Impeachment
February 23, 1867, page 114

The Louisiana Bill
March 2, 1867, page 130

March 9, 1867, page 146

The Thirty-Ninth Congress
March 9, 1867, page 146

The Veto of the Reconstruction Bill

March 16, 1867, page 162

The Fortieth Congress

March 30, 1867, page 195

The Fortieth Congress

April 6, 1867, page 211

Sprats and Vetoes

April 6, 1867, page 210

Adjournment of Congress

April 13, 1867, page 226

Prometheus Bound

March 2, 1867, page 137

The Result

March 30, 1867, page 194

The Southern Commanders

April 6, 1867, page 218

The Debate upon Impeachment

March 23, 1867, page 178

We Accept the Situation (cartoon)

April 13, 1867, page 240

The Big Thing (cartoon)

April 20, 1867, page 256

The End of Impeachment
June 22, 1867, page 386


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